(八)被动语态
(八)被动语态

(八)被动语态

(1)一般现在时的被动语态构成:is / am / are + 及物动词的过去分词。例如:
Our classroom is cleaned every day.
(2)一般过去时的被动语态构成:was / were + 及物动词的过去分词。例如:
A new shop was built last year.
(3)现在完成时的被动语态构成:has / have + been + 及物动词的过去分词。例如:
This book has been translated into many languages.
(4)一般将来时的被动语态构成:will + be + 及物动词的过去分词。例如:
A new hospital will be built in our city.
(5)含有情态动词的被动语态构成:情态动词 + be + 及物动词的过去分词。
(6)现在进行时的被动语态构成:am / is / are + being + 及物动词的过去分词。例如:
My bike is being repaired by Tom now.
(7)过去完成时的被动语态构成:had + been + 及物动词的过去分词。例如:
My shoes had been cleaned by somebody.
(8)动词短语用于被动语态时,动词短语应当看作一个整体,而不能丢掉其中的介词或副词。例如:
He can’t be laughed at by us.
The sick man is being taken care of by the nurse.

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